Bikesharing is a sustainable and environmentally friendly transportation alternative that targets daily mobility by providing short-term bicycle rentals. Bikesharing programs allow users to access bicycles on an “as-needed” basis. Programs are commonly concentrated in urban settings and provide multiple bike station locations that enable users to pick up and return bicycles to different stations. They operate via unattended bike stations where bicycle reservations, pick-up, and drop-off are self-service. Bikesharing user fees typically cover bicycle purchase and maintenance costs, as well as storage and parking responsibilities (similar to carsharing or short-term auto use).
Having access to multiple bikesharing locations makes short distance travel within participating cities more convenient. Individuals who may not otherwise use bicycles (i.e., tourists or individuals who do not own a bicycle or have access to bicycle storage) are able to enjoy the benefits of cycling without the responsibility of ownership. By making large numbers of bicycles available for use at various locations, bikesharing may increase the number of individuals who use cycling to fulfill daily mobility needs. The ultimate goal of bikesharing is to expand and integrate cycling into transportation systems, so that it can more readily become a daily transportation mode.
The potential benefits of bikesharing include:
· Increased mobility options;
· Cost savings from modal shifts;
· Lower implementation and operational costs (e.g., in contrast to shuttle
· Reduced traffic congestion;
· Reduced fuel use;
· Increased use of public transit and alternative modes (e.g., rail, buses,
taxis, carsharing, ridesharing, etc.);
· Increased health benefits; and
· Greater environmental awareness.
The potential social and environmental benefits of bikesharing have sparked interest worldwide.
· As of May 2012, there were five continents operating approximately 184
bikesharing programs in an estimated 204 cities around the world.*
· As of May 2012, there were over 368,600 bicycles and over 13,600 bike
stations available worldwide.
· As of January 2012, there were nineteen bikesharing programs in North America
operating with over 11,000 bicycles and over 1000 bicycle stations.*
· As of January 2012, there were approximately 216,400 long-term and
short-term bikesharing members in North America.
· As of March 2011, there were over 35 additional bikesharing programs
planned in 16 nations.
*The authors count one program for each system that spans multiple cities in one country.
Download attachment(s): [ APBG_Shaheen_2012final_v3.pdf ]
Download attachment(s): [ AP020_Stanford_Trends and Trajectory of Shared Mobility.pdf ]
Download attachment(s): [ TRB2013_Public Bikesharing in North America_Early Operator and Emerging Trends.pdf ]
Download attachment(s): [ ITSBerkeley_Public Bikesharing in North America_Early Operator and User Understanding.pdf ]